Types of Arrest
Security officers are not obligated I required to make an arrest! You may be right at the scene when a violation occurs, but you do not have to make an arrest. Your first responsibility is protection I prevention. Also. your responsibility is to observe and report.
The purpose of this training is not to encourage you to make more arrests, but to teach you the law concerning arrest, so you will know what you can and cannot do under the law.
Before making an arrest, consider the following factors:
a. Physical Size- Is the suspect bigger or stronger than you? Is he I she in better physical condition or younger than you?
b. Weapons- Is the suspect armed? Could he be carrying a weapon?
c. Escape- If you do not make an arrest now, will the suspect escape; not just leave the scene- but get away completely? Get a good description and call the police without delay, the police may be able to arrest him.
d. Type of Offense- Is the offense major or minor? You should be more concerned with major offenses. A person setting a fire to the loading dock is more likely a candidate for arrest than kids climbing the fence to steal apples from the company orchards.
e. Relation to Your Job- Know your company’s SOPs (Standard Operating Procedures). Does the offense relate to the property or persons you were hired to protect? As a good citizen, you want to uphold the law but your first duty is to your client I employer.
An actual arrest occurs with the use of physical force (this could be mere touching). Taking a person into custody by the use of hands, handcuffs, and /or the use of weapons or force is an actual arrest. This includes touching the person in any way or pointing a firearm in the person’s direction.
Officers try to avoid physical force. A constructive arrest occurs when the person arrested submits to control of the officer without the use of any physical force. Circumstances can imply an arrest. Such as when an officer steps in front of a suspect and says, “Come with me.” Simply telling a person that they are under arrest does not place them under lawful arrest Actual or constructive custody must occur before a person is legally under arrest.